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Mikhailovsky Park

Address and phone: Central District, Griboedova Canal

The Mikhailovsky Garden is one of the rarest monuments of landscape architecture of the 18th - first third of the 19th centuries, representing a unique combination of two different styles of landscape art in one territory - regular or "French" and landscape or "English."
At the time of Peter I, the territory where the Mikhailovsky Garden is now located was called the "Swedish Garden". He was presented by the Emperor to his wife Catherine. On the site where the pavilion-pier, built on the project of K. Rossi (Embankment of the Moika River), was located the palace of the Empress "Golden Homes". In the middle of the XVIII century, during the reign of Elizabeth Petrovna, the garden was rebuilt according to the project of F.-B. Rastrelli. Preserved to the present day in the south-eastern part of the garden, two large ponds had a geometric shape, and behind them was a large labyrinth garden, stretching to the very Nevsky Prospekt.
In the XIX century. the garden changes its appearance from "regular" to "landscape" and becomes part of the ensemble of the Mikhailovsky Palace - a striking example of the architectural unity of the building and the natural landscape created by the plan of the great architect Carlo Rossi. The Mikhailovsky Garden was a closed private property and became accessible to the citizens from the time of the foundation of the Russian Museum, in 1895. In 1999, almost completely lost its historical appearance, became part of the Russian Museum. The XXI century is the starting point for the newest history of the Mikhailovsky Garden. After a large-scale reconstruction, it began its life not only as a unique monument of landscape architecture, but also as a modern museum space, a kind of green hall in the open air.

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